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rubus leucodermis vs blackberry

A physician can offer medical diagnosis, medical advice and treatment. American Red Raspberry, or Grayleaf Red Raspberry, also known as Rubus strigosus (strigosus means bristled), can be found throughout much of North America, excluding the southwestern United States. The species type, Red Raspberry, R. idaeus, is native to Europe and northern Asia. It certainly doesn't help that it is referred as a blackberry in the mid-Atlantic states. [1][2] Rubus occidentalis is a deciduous shrub growing to 2–3 m tall, with thorny shoots. Himalayan blackberry can be distinguished by its smaller flowers ( 2-3 cm across ), erect and archy stems, and its 3-5 oval leaflets with whitew hairs. Rubus leucodermis (Blackcap Raspberry, Black Raspberry, or Whitebark Raspberry, and native: Blue Raspberry) is a species of Rubus native to western North America, from British Columbia, Canada south to California, New Mexico and Mexico. Could it be both? The “berries” of Rubus plants are not berries in a botanical sense. Family: Rosaceae. The roots are crushed and consumed for stomach pains and bowel trouble (Vogel 357). The milky blueish-green canes are tough, woody, and covered with curved prickles. Flowers are borne in clusters of 2 to 7; petals are small, white to pink, shorter than the sepals. Many cultivated varieties and hybrids are available for growing luscious berries; red, yellow, black, or purple! Leaves usually have 3 sharp-toothed leaflets with white undersides. Turner, Nancy J. Gray. The leaves and stems are eaten extensively by deer and rabbits. Fruits are the typical raspberry: a hollow globe-shaped “cap”; but ripe, seedy drupelets are dark purplish black. Phenology: Bloom time:  May-June;  Fruit ripens:  Jul-Aug. Propagation:  Stratify seeds warm for 90 days then cold at 40º F (4º C) for 90 days. There are lots of hybrids among subgenus and there had been a lot of confusion, which eventually lead to a simple way of gathering them all under the term “species aggregates”. New York : Hearst Books, 1994. Names:  Blackcap Raspberry is also known as Whitebark Raspberry or simply Black Raspberry. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. The plants also have a variety medicinal uses. Often enjoyed fresh, they are also used in cakes, turned into preserves, or dried like raisins (Turner 123). Blackberries are typically larger, shiny and firmer. It is not frost tender. Brill, Steve and Evelyn Dean. It’s native to western North America, blooms May-Jun and grows climbing 1-5 ft. The berries are actually aggregates of drupelets. Two of these are non-natives, cutleaf blackberry, Rubus laciniatus, and Himalaya blackberry, Rubus armeniacus (=R. Himalayan blackberry can be distinguished by its smaller flowers ( 2-3 cm across ), erect and archy stems, and its 3-5 oval leaflets with whitew hairs. Most of these plants have woody stems with prickles like roses; spines, bristles, and gland-tipped hairs are also common in the genus. Several species, however, are also considered weeds. Young shoots can be peeled, eaten raw, or cooked like asparagus. Blackcap Raspberry can be vegetatively propagated by cuttings, layering or division. Its prickly, wild nature makes it best suited for a wild garden. Though the fruit is much less popular today than it was in the past, both species of the black raspberry is still grown and sold throughout the United States. USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database. Call me: 785-864-2660, http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ruoc.html, http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?stat=BROWSE_IMG&query_src=photos_browseimgs_plant_sci&where-genre=Plant&where-taxon=Rubus+leucodermis&title_tag=Rubus+leucodermis, http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/savanna/plants/bl_raspberry.htm, Foods Indigenous to the Western Hemisphere. Additionally, because of their dark color, they are used for dyes. There are several smaller species, as well. They’re actually called drupelets and are part of an aggregate fruit. The blackberry (Rubus) genus includes berries like dewberries, thimbleberries, and raspberries. Smith, Andrew F. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. Rubus, derived from ruber, a latin word for red, is the genus of plants generally called brambles. Email me: mihesuah@ku.edu It occurs primarily in northern temperate regions, but can be found on all continents, except Antarctica. The dried berries would then be used for foodstuffs such as pemmican and provided an easy way to get vitamins during the fruit-scarce winter. The Rubus occidentalis grows from the all along the eastern United States up to the Rocky Mountains while the Rubus leucodermis is found along the western coast, ranging up to British Columbia. Earth Food: Plant Remedies, Drugs, and Natural Foods of the North American Indians. Blackcap Raspberry                                                                     The Rose Family—Rosaceae, Rubus leucodermis Douglas ex Torr. Growth: Black Raspberry canes arch up to 6 feet, (2m) tall. The leaves are long, ovular, and sharply-toothed with white and hairy undersides (Brill, Dean 113). New York : Oxford University Press, 2009. Both are cane fruits, producing berries on thorny, arching stems (called canes). There are actually two species of black raspberries, the Rubus leucodermis which is native to the western coast of the United States and the Rubus occidentalis which grows in the east. The berries are also popular with raccoons, opossums, skunks, foxes, squirrels, chipmunks and other rodents. Bear, beaver and marmots eat fruit, bark and twigs. There are actually two species of black raspberries, the Rubus leucodermis which is native to the western coast of the United States and the Rubus occidentalis which grows in the east. Other names occasionally used include wild black raspberry, black caps, black cap raspberry, and thimbleberry. New York: MacMillan, 1980. Use by Wildlife:    The brambles rank at the very top of summer foods for wildlife, especially birds: grouse, pigeons, quail, grosbeaks, jays, robins, thrushes, towhees, waxwings, sparrows, to name just a few. (Rubus leucodermis and  Rubus occidentalis). Rasp- may have come from a 15th century word, raspis, which means “a fruit from which a drink could be made.”  “Leucodermis means white skin, or “whitebark”—referring to the very glaucous (whitish bloom) on its stems. The taste of a black raspberry can be somewhat tart and is therefore commonly consumed in sweetened products such as jams, pies, ice creams and sometimes wine. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The common name Black Raspberry is shared with the closely related western American species Rubus leucodermis. Distribution of Blackcap Raspberry from USDA Plants Database. Black Raspberry ( Rubus Leucodermis) is not to be confused with blackberry. In the Landscape: This species is more often grown for its fruit than ornamentally. The stems are notably glaucous (bluish white) and are smoothly round-shaped (nearly circular in … It includes blackberries, raspberries, dewberries, and cloudberries. Blackcap ( Rubus leucodermis ) a less common native, can be distinguished by its paler green-blue erect stems, purple fruits, and leaves that have fine white hairs underneath. Berry-pickers beware! Western Raspberry. Although they have delicious berries, and are excellent wildlife habitat, these species should be controlled as much as possible or they quickly take over disturbed habitats. — the berries will stain your hands and it is difficult to avoid being scratched by prickles! Black raspberry is delicate and plush with a velvety skin like its red counterpart. Rubus is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae, with 250–700 species.. Raspberries, blackberries, and dewberries are common, widely distributed members of the genus. Although they have delicious berries, and are excellent wildlife habitat, these species should be controlled as much as possible or they quickly take over disturbed habitats. Food plants of Coastal First Peoples. Its bluish-whitish stems and arching habit are attractive, but its hooked prickles will grab or scratch anyone walking too close! Distribution: This species is native from central British Columbia (possibly into Southeast Alaska) to southern California; to eastern Montana, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico. Rubus leucodermis. & A. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Habitat: It grows mostly in disturbed sites, fields, and open forests. Ida in Crete where Jupiter was hidden as an infant. Stat=Browse_Img & query_src=photos_browseimgs_plant_sci & where-genre=Plant & where-taxon=Rubus+leucodermis & title_tag=Rubus+leucodermis http: //www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/ruoc.html http: //www.illinoiswildflowers.info/savanna/plants/bl_raspberry.htm used wild! Growing wild in North America as long as it has been called the Rubus! 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